Bayerische Motoren Werke, or better known as BMW, is a German auto and motorcycle maker with headquarters in Munich. Founded in 1916, BMW produces vehicles all around the world, being the 12th largest vehicle producer in the world in 2015.
BMW produces and advertises vehicles under the company’s own brand but has subsidiaries for performance models (BMW M), electric vehicles (BMW i) and also Mini and super-luxury Rolls-Royce.
The German brand started vehicle production in 1928, with the BMW 3/15, originally named Dixi 3/15 (a licensed copy of Austin 7). In 1932, BMW released the company’s first fully designed vehicle, the BMW 3/20. The car featured a four-cylinder engine. Just one year later, BMW releases a straight-six engine as part of the BMW 303 vehicle. During this decade, BMW extended production to cover almost all chassis types: sedans, coupes, convertibles and sports cars.
During World War II, BMW cars production was halted and vehicle design was restarted in 1952 and the first model to come out was the BMW 501 sedan. Its successor, the BMW 502 was the first model of the German automaker to use a V8 engine.
The M division was born in 1978 with the BMW M1, the first model to feature a mid-engine construction and the first car build by BMW’s sports division. The BMW M1 was designed and engineered in coalition with Lamborghini.
In 1999 BMW introduced its first SUV, the BMW X5. While it was a different take from the original BMW’s ideology of a driver’s car, the SUV caught the attention of the public and a full range named X-Series was born.
The shift towards turbocharged units was done in 2006, with the six cylinder N54 engine being mounted on the BMW E92 335i.
Since 213, BMW also developed a line of hybrid and electric vehicles, the first models being the BMW i3 and BMW i8.
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