2011 Porsche Panamera & Panamera 4 Review - Official photos, features, specs, pricing

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Launched in the United States in October of 2009, Porsche’s revolutionary Panamera Gran Turismo reached its 25,000 production milestone in short order in July 2010.

Photo: 2011 Porsche Panamera -Photo: 2011 Porsche Panamera -Check out more 2011 Porsche Panamera pictures in our 2011 Porsche Panamera photo gallery

The early success of Porsche’s first new model line in seven years was predictable, as the German automaker essentially created a completely new vehicle concept: a true four-door Porsche sports car unique to anything else on the road.

Photo: 2011 Porsche PanameraPhoto: 2011 Porsche Panamera

Unlike its competitors, it was not based on the platform of an exsisting model or merely a highly tuned version of a sibling model. The Panamera was built from the ground up to provide Porsche driving dynamics and performance while simultaneously surrounding its occupants in luxury and comfort.

Photo: 2011 Porsche PanameraPhoto: 2011 Porsche Panamera

New for 2011, Porsche has added two Panamera models to its Gran Turismo range – the 300-horsepower (hp) 2011 Panamera and Panamera 4 --both powered by a brand-new six-cylinder developed and built by Porsche. This addition increases the Panamera range of offerings to five models.

Photo: 2011 Porsche PanameraPhoto: 2011 Porsche Panamera

Also this year all Panameras now come equipped with Bluetooth hands-free phone interface and a universal audio interface that provides connections for a MP3 player that can be controlled through Porsche’s Communication Management system. Additionally, the Panamera and Panamera 4 will come standard with PCM and Bi-Xenon headlights.

With the V6, Panamera achieves 18 mpg city/27 highway while the all-wheel-drive Panamera 4 delivers 18 mpg city/26 highway—numbers that are no doubt appealing to consumers who demand driving excitement and fuel efficiency. The Panamera and Panamera 4 base MSRPs are $74,400 and $78,900, excluding $975 for destination.

Photo: 2011 Porsche PanameraPhoto: 2011 Porsche Panamera

These new 2011 models boast the following specifications:


3.6liter Porsche V6, 300 hp; rear-wheel drive; seven-speed Porsche-
Doppelkupplungsgetriebe (PDK) double-clutch gearbox (standard in the United
States), 0 to 60 mph acceleration in 6.0 seconds (5.8 with optional Sport
Chrono Package Plus); a top test track speed of 160 mph.

Panamera 4

3.6liter Porsche V6, 300 hp; Porsche Traction Management (PTM) with active
all-wheel drive; seven-speed Porsche-Doppelkupplungsgetriebe (PDK) double-
clutch gearbox (standard in the United States), 0 to 60 mph acceleration in 5.8
seconds (5.6 with optional Sport Chrono Package Plus); a top test track speed
of 159 mph.

Photo: 2011 Porsche PanameraPhoto: 2011 Porsche Panamera

Porsche Intelligent Performance: sporting, light, efficient

These new Panamera models are examples of the Porsche Intelligent Performance philosophy

– more power on less fuel, increased efficiency and lower CO2 emissions. Equipped with the PDK gearbox and featuring an Auto Start Stop function, both models consume less fuel than their V8 siblings, yet offer Porsche performance for four and the agility and comfort expected in a Panamera Gran Turismo. Nineteen-inch all-season tires with reduced rolling resistance are available, and both meet the strict EU5 emission standard in Europe and the LEV standard in the United States.

Like all Porsches, the new Panamera and Panamera 4 combine economy with the sporting performance so typical of the brand, giving the driver the choice of optimized performance and consistent efficiency at any time.

Photo: 2011 Porsche PanameraPhoto: 2011 Porsche Panamera

Pressing the Sport or Sport Plus button, the driver is able to activate all the relevant systems in the car from optimum fuel economy to high or maximum performance. The range of optional Sports Chrono Packages is the same as the packages for the V8 models.

The PDK gearbox can be combined with the optional Sports Chrono Package Plus that also includes Launch Control. By activating the Sport Plus button the transmission management is set to higher gearshift speeds to provide a sporting and shorter shift and improving 0-to-60 mph acceleration by two-tenths of a second. For example, the Panamera accelerates from 0 to 60 mph in 6.0 seconds, but that time drops to 5.8 seconds with the Sports Chrono Package Plus option.

The combination of superior efficiency and equally superior performance at such a high level requires more than sophisticated drive concepts alone. This is precisely why the Porsche Intelligent Performance philosophy in the Panamera models is based upon consistent lightweight technology, with the axles, doors, hood, front fenders and tailgate all made of aluminum to reduce weight to a minimum. The V6 engine is about 66 lbs. lighter than the V8 in the Panamera S and 4S, which contributes to the low overall curb weight of just 3,880 lbs. (1,760 kg) for the Panamera with the PDK transmission.

Photo: 2011 Porsche PanameraPhoto: 2011 Porsche Panamera

Typical Panamera style with an individual touch

With their proportions so typical of a Porsche, all Panamera models stand out among others in the segment, and this of course applies to the Panamera and Panamera 4. Yet there are some visual differences from the V8 models. The chrome side window surrounds found on the V8 models come in matte black on the Panamera and Panamera 4. The dual exhaust has single oval tips in brushed stainless steel rather than the dual round tips found on the V8 models. And both come standard with 18-inch light-alloy five-spoke wheels and black brake calipers.
World debut: V6 from Porsche in a production car

The 3.6-liter six-cylinder engine in the Panamera and Panamera 4 is a genuine Porsche engine. Derived from the V8 powering the Panamera S and Panamera 4S, the new V6 was designed together with the V8 and developed for production in just 49 months. It therefore boasts all the technical refinements and features also offered in the V8, including Direct Fuel Injection (DFI), infinitely variable intake camshaft adjustment with variable valve lift (VarioCam Plus), an on-demand oil pump, water cooling with thermal management, a variable intake manifold, as well as integrated dry sump lubrication with two-stage extraction of oil and, in conjunction with PDK, an Auto Start Stop function.

Weight was an engine development priority, which is why the crankcase and cylinder heads are made of aluminum, the valve timing box and the valve cover are made of even lighter magnesium, and on the Panamera with rear-wheel drive the oil flow housing is made of extra-light magnesium. The lightweight camshaft adjusters are completely made of aluminum, with aluminum bolts connecting all magnesium components as well as the engine and transmission.

As a result, the complete V6 engine prepared for assembly and operation with the PDK transmission weighs approximately 404 lbs.

The engine configuration and layout is also an important factor when it comes to the car’s center of gravity. Since a 90° V-engine is a lot flatter than a typical V6 with a 60° cylinder angle, the center of gravity is lower. And the engine/transmission unit has been moved as far back as possible in the engine compartment in the interest of well-balanced axle load distribution. This gives the Panamera and Panamera 4 the same handling and agility of the V8 models.

Through its low configuration, the V6 engine also helps Porsche retain the Panamera’s silhouette with its low and flat engine compartment lid.
Balance shaft for extra comfort, low position for enhanced sportiness

To give the V6 the same smooth refinement as Porsche’s V8s, a balance shaft rotating in the oil sump and driven by the oil pump sets off the free mass momentum. As on the V8 engines, a low oil sump also helps give the engine a low position in the car, with the drive shafts on the front axle running directly through the oil sump in the Panamera 4.

All Panamera models come standard with a Sports button to provide a more sporty engine setup and accelerator control map. On models with Porsche Active Suspension Management (PASM), adaptive air suspension and Porsche Dynamic Chassis Control (PDCC), the suspension set-up is even more sporting and dynamic.

The Sports button allows the driver to choose actively between a comfort and economy and a sporting and dynamic driving style.
Auto Start Stop function: re-starting the engine more quickly than before

Every Panamera with PDK comes with Auto Start Stop function that saves fuel and reduces emissions by turning the engine off when it is not needed, such as sitting at a stop light. Once the driver releases the brake pedal, Auto Start Stop automatically re-starts the engine.

For 2011 the Auto Start Stop functions have been optimized to make restarting even more spontaneous. Auto Start Stop saves both fuel and reduces CO2 emissions, without requiring the driver to change his or her driving style. The audio and communication systems remain in full operation even when the engine is off, and the HVAC system maintains the temperature. The engine will start again whenever more electrical energy or climate control power is required.

Photo: 2011 Porsche PanameraPhoto: 2011 Porsche Panamera

The Awe-Inspiring Panamera S, 4S and Turbo

Power and performance in the top-end of the Panamera lineup comes courtesy of its direct fuel injection engines, producing 400 hp in the Panamera S and 4S and 500 hp in the Panamera Turbo. A standard Porsche PDK gearbox, which drives the rear wheels in the Panamera S and all four wheels on 4S and Turbo, swaps cogs with no interruption in power. Both features, however, are major contributors to overall fuel efficiency; efficient combustion, the Auto Start Stop function and seven seamlessly shifted gears with a super-tall seventh gear for cruising produce some of the best economy numbers and lowest CO2 emissions in the Panamera sedan’s competing class.

The V8 range starts with the Panamera S, combining a 400-hp 4.8-liter engine with rear-wheel drive. The Panamera S sets a new benchmark in acceleration and fuel economy, reaching 60 mph in just 5.2 seconds on its way to a top test-track speed of 175 mph. Yet it achieves 16 mpg city and 24 mpg highway (19 mpg combined).

The Panamera 4S also features a 400 hp 4.8-liter V8.. The standard PDK is combined with Porsche Traction Management (PTM) for innovative, active all-wheel drive. Benefiting from the supreme traction of PTM, the Panamera 4S accelerates from zero to 60 mph in just

4.8 seconds and has a top test-track speed of 175 mph. EPA figures are 16 mpg city/24 mpg highway (19 mpg combined), as well.

The range-topping Panamera Turbo offers a maximum output of 500 hp from its 4.8-liter twin turbocharged V8. Again, power is transmitted via PDK and PTM with active all-wheel drive, both featured as standard. The Panamera Turbo accelerates to 60 mph in just 4 seconds with a top test-track speed of 188 mph. And like its siblings, the Panamera Turbo is very fuel efficient, with EPA figures of 15 mpg city/23 mpg highway (18 mpg combined).

No Panamera model is subject to a gas guzzler tax.

Photo: 2011 Porsche PanameraPhoto: 2011 Porsche Panamera

The Panamera S, Panamera 4S and Panamera Turbo can be fitted with the optional Sport Chrono package. Using the system’s Launch Control function, the driver can shave an additional 0.2 seconds from each car’s impressive 0-to-60 mph acceleration times. Thus, the Panamera S, Panamera 4S and Panamera Turbo can reach 60 mph in 5 seconds, 4.6 seconds and 3.8 seconds, respectively, when fitted with the optional Sports Chrono package and using launch control.

From a pricing standpoint, the Panamera S, Panamera 4S and Panamera Turbo have base MSRPs of $89,800, $94,700 and $135,300, respectively, excluding $975 for delivery.
The Panamera Design: Porsche throughout as it slips through the air

All Porsche Gran Turismo’s benefit from an aerodynamic body, which is remarkably spacious, strong and lightweight. Employing a cocktail of strong, lightweight materials including boron steel, aluminum, magnesium and high-tech composites, the body of the Panamera contributes to its light weight and fuel efficiency; it also means that all Panamera models handle with a level of responsiveness and agility that is more typical of a Porsche sports car than a luxury sedan.

At 55.8 inches high and 76 inches wide (1.42 by 1.93 meters), the Panamera is lower, wider and more aggressive than its competitors thanks to its thoroughbred sports-car DNA. In fact, the relationship of its height and width is even more aggressive than the 911 Carrera. With its unique interpretation of classic four-door design and the advantages of its variable space concept, Porsche’s latest model has a truly unmistakable appearance and defines a new segment in the premium market.

With its compact overall length and short overhangs, low body height but wide and muscular flanks, the proportions of the Panamera clearly speak the classic Porsche design language. While reflecting a philosophy refined throughout decades on the 911 Carrera and successfully applied also on the Boxster, Cayman, and Cayenne, the Panamera incorporates and reinterprets numerous classic Porsche themes, offering a dynamic and powerful look despite the very generous interior space.

From the front, Panamera is clearly recognizable as a genuine Porsche, bearing strong resemblance to its siblings. With a low air intake instead of a traditional grille, powerfully curved front fenders that rise above a low hood creating the “topography” of a sports car and its characteristic headlights, the Panamera clearly has the face of a Porsche.

The design feature that identifies the Panamera as a Porsche, however, is the roofline, with its curving contour flowing softly to the tail section. Together with the passenger compartment, which tapers at the rear, the sweeping roof creates the special combination of lines so characteristic of Porsche, flowing in a muscular and contoured sweep into the rounded rear end.

A comparatively compact length of 195.6 inches or just under five meters contributes to the car’s extremely dynamic appearance, while small roof spoilers front and rear and a large undertray cover serve to optimize the car’s aerodynamic qualities.

From the rear, the Panamera is immediately recognizable as a Porsche. Rear LED lights with individual light chambers taking up the side-line of the car and horizontal graphics that emphasize the Gran Turismo’s width at night help ensure this impression.
Precise calculation of air flow

At the front, the Panamera has three large air intakes. On the Panamera, Panamera 4, Panamera S and Panamera 4S, the side air intakes are closed in the interest of enhanced aerodynamics and an even better drag coefficient, with the normally aspirated engines drawing air from beneath the car.

On the Panamera Turbo, the intercoolers are directly behind the side intakes to provide an ample supply of cooling air. Additional air comes from the air scoop in the middle with its bypass ducts.

Photo: 2011 Porsche PanameraPhoto: 2011 Porsche Panamera

The sensor for the optional Adaptive Cruise Control with distance control function has also been optimized. It is located in the center air intake so not to interfere with the supply of cooling air.

Ducts beneath the spoiler lips on the outside of the front air dam provide a steady supply of cooling air to the brakes, with air flowing directly to the inside of the wheels. Thanks to their configuration, these ducts also help reduce lift forces at the front. The brake air guide blades on the Panamera Turbo help cool the brake system with even greater efficiency. Special wheel spoilers also optimize airflow around the wheels.

All Panamera models come with an undertray cover that extends almost completely from front to rear and side to side in order to optimize airflow beneath the car and help reduce turbulence. The Panamera is the first car in this segment with an undertray cover that even encompasses the driveshaft tunnel and the rear mufflers, helping to further reduce air resistance and lift forces on the axles for better streamlining and enhanced fuel economy.

The car’s undertray guides airflow to exactly the right points, where specific Panamera components require extra cooling. Intake gills around the rear axle differential, for example, draw in cooling air to keep the differential cool and efficient at all times. The rear diffuser, in turn, together with the rear spoiler, serves to further help reduce lift forces at the rear of the car.
Featured as standard: Sports button for an even more thrilling driving experience

The Sport button positioned on the center console on the side of the PDK gear selector is standard on all Panamera models. It allows the driver to choose a more comfort-and economy oriented motoring style or, when desired, a more sporting and dynamic style. When the driver presses the Sport button, the word “Sport” lights up in the instrument cluster.

In Sport mode, the electronic engine management gives the engine an even more aggressive and spontaneous response and alters the PDK transmission gearshift strategy, with gears shifting up later and shifting down earlier. The Auto Start-Stop function is also deactivated and both Porsche Active Suspension Management (PASM) and optional Porsche Dynamic Chassis Control (PDCC) automatically switch to a more sporting setup, as well, to provide even more direct steering and handling.

In the Panamera 4S and Turbo, the active PTM all-wheel drive feeds more power and torque to the rear wheels, again in the interest of enhanced and even more dynamic performance.
Fit for Euro 5 and ULEV: stainless-steel exhaust system

The exhaust emissions flow through a stainless steel system with a particularly long service life. To keep emissions to a minimum, above all when starting the engine cold, it is essential to quickly raise the temperature of the catalysts to the optimum operating level.

For this reason, the exhaust manifolds of all Panamera models are very short so that the high exhaust gas temperature can be used to heat the catalytic converters. This allows the highly efficient pre-and main catalytic converters to heat up quickly and guarantee effective emission control. As a result, all Panamera models significantly outperform the Euro 5 standard in Europe and qualify in the USA as Ultra-Low Emission Vehicles (ULEVs; Turbo: Low Emission Vehicle, LEV).

The Panamera Turbo exhaust system comes with an even larger cross-section, exhaust flowing out through two silver-matte dual square tailpipes. To ensure exactly the right sound at all times, exhaust flaps open either two or all four tailpipes as a function of engine speed.

All Panamera models can be optionally fitted with a sports exhaust system. The specially engineered main silencer generates a particularly throaty and muscular sound. Like on the Panamera Turbo, two flaps between the rear mufflers and the tailpipe covers open up whenever required for an even better flow of exhaust gas.

The sports exhaust system boasts two striking dual tailpipes with titanium-colored surrounds with tailpipe covers in stainless steel.

To generate the muscular sound, all the driver has to do is press a button in the center console. The sound effect is varied by load, road speed, engine speed, and the selected gear.
Adaptive Cruise Control available as an option

All Panamera models come standard with cruise control to enhance motoring comfort on long distances.

However, a new option is Adaptive Cruise Control. Operating between 20 and 100 mph (32 and 161 km/h), the system uses a radar sensor mounted in the front center air intake that scans the road ahead up to a distance of 650 feet. It monitors the space between you and the vehicle ahead and is designed to help maintain your preset distance. It does this by restricting the throttle or gently applying the brakes to maintain the preset distance. If the vehicle in front continues to decelerate, Adaptive Cruise Control will reduce cruising speed – even down to a stop.

To enhance motoring comfort for the driver, the radar-based cruise control slows the car down to a very low speed (“crawl function”) before coming to a complete stop, often avoiding the need to stop the car abruptly whenever the vehicle ahead briefly stops, thus allowing the driver to continue smoothly for as long as possible.

The crawl function is provided by increasing slip on the PDK wet clutch without increasing clutch wear and tear.

Adaptive Cruise Control also offers special functions such as an overtaking aid, speed control in curves and a distance warning function. As soon as the driver activates the turn signal to overtake another vehicle, the overtaking aid will deactivate the distance control function, provided the overtaking lane is free.

When negotiating a curve with Adaptive Cruise Control active but without a vehicle ahead, the system will activate the adaptive speed control function as of a certain level of lateral acceleration or, at low speeds, as of a certain steering angle. This reduces the automatic acceleration effect by reducing the speed of the car appropriately for a lower level of lateral acceleration. Once the car has completed the curve, the acceleration function is reactivated in order to return to the speed originally set.

The distance warning function offers the driver support even when the Adaptive Cruise Control is deactivated. Should the driver come too close to a vehicle ahead with the system in standby, he or she is warned by a yellow warning triangle flashing on in the instrument cluster. The TFT Display in the instrument cluster allows the driver to choose a distance warning display together with a wide range of further information such as the desired and actual distance from the vehicle ahead, the desired speed or the speed of the vehicle in front.

First Gran Turismo with double-clutch transmission

When first launched in 2009, the Porsche Panamera was the first car in the luxury performance class to offer a double-clutch transmission – the Porsche-Doppelkupplungsgetriebe (PDK) --standard on all models for sale in North America.

PDK combines the driving dynamics and mechanical efficiency of a manual gearbox with the superior comfort of a conventional automatic transmission, offering instantaneous gear changes without any noticeable interruption of traction and drive power. With both manual and automatic modes, PDK gives the driver a sport-as well as a comfort-oriented driving option.

As on Porsche sports cars, the driver operates the new PDK either through the center console gear selector or with two paddles in the steering wheel spokes. In the manual shift mode, a display in the instrument cluster recommends the optimal gear to select for the best fuel efficiency.

PDK has been further optimized for improved comfort and a smoother gearshift. Indeed, out of the wide range of transmission concepts available, PDK is an absolute innovation in the luxury performance class. It offers a number of unique benefits for the customer:

* Extra-fast gearshifts without any noticeable interruption of traction and drive power, for enhanced agility and more driving pleasure.
* A very high standard of comfort ensured by the smooth and fully automated clutch engagement and gearshift.
* Dynamic performance combined with superior comfort when setting off, thanks to the short transmission ratio in first gear and an early, virtually unnoticeable transition to the pre-selected second gear.
* The ability to downshift directly and quickly – if necessary through several gears – whenever the driver spontaneously requires more power.
* A far wider range of functions compared to conventional automatic transmissions, such as launch control (with the optional Sports Chrono package) and a performance-oriented gearshift with extra torque.
* Lower weight by about 33 lbs. (15 kg) vs. a conventional all-wheel drive automatic transmission.

Active all-wheel drive with Porsche 911 DNA: Porsche Traction Management

Proceeding from the all-wheel-drive technology already featured in Porsche sports cars, Panamera engineers created a new Porsche Traction Management (PTM) version for the Panamera. The Porsche four-door offers all the benefits of the proven system in the 911: enhanced agility and driving dynamics, better traction and driving stability and upgraded vehicle control and driving safety right to the absolute limit. Numerous advantages vs. conventional all-wheel drive systems were also built in: lower weight and greater fuel economy are provided by the compact dimensions of PTM, while it enhances performance thanks to a lower center of gravity.

Strictly speaking, it is impossible to draw a line between driving dynamics and traction, since these two factors always belong together. A vehicle must have good traction, with the wheels not building up excessive slip, in order to transmit lateral forces. On the front axle, this calls for good and smooth steering; on the rear axle it requires superior stability. PTM serves to reduce or, ideally, completely prevent the drive wheels from spinning.

Active all-wheel drive with PTM in the Panamera is provided by a hang-on drive unit, integrated in the housing of the PDK double-clutch gearbox. The electronically controlled multiple-plate clutch integrated in the gearbox distributes drive forces between the rear axle permanently under drive power and the front axle in a fully variable process without a pre-determined power split.

With sensors permanently monitoring driving conditions, this allows PTM to respond instantaneously to different driving requirements and situations. Among other things, sensors constantly monitor the speed of all four wheels, the car’s straight-ahead and lateral acceleration, as well as the steering angle.

As soon as the rear wheels start to spin when accelerating, for example, the multiple-plate clutch intervenes more sharply to feed more power to the front wheels. In curves, on the other hand, the flow of power to the front wheels is carefully monitored to ensure optimum lateral stability at all times. And whenever the car’s brake control systems intervene, PTM disconnects the front axle completely, allowing PSM to intervene individually on the appropriate wheels.
Unique range from comfortable to extra-sporting

With its suspension, the Panamera sets new standards in its class, combining a broad range of abilities from the DNA of a sports car set-up featuring supreme precision, stability and safety with the cosseting, comfortable qualities of a luxury sedan.

Porsche Active Suspension Management (PASM), standard on all Panamera models, varies damper forces in an infinite process and adjusts the dampers to road conditions and the driver’s style of motoring.

Incorporating adaptively controlled dampers with infinite adjustment of damper forces, PASM allows the driver, through the PASM button on the center console, to choose among three control maps – Comfort, Sport and Sport Plus.

In Comfort mode, the driver enjoys all the smoothness and motoring comfort of a grand touring sedan. Sport Plus thrills with the performance and agility of a full-fledged Porsche sports car.

The damper force required is consistently calculated and fed to the respective wheel in all three modes. The PASM mode chosen when the car is switched off is retained upon engine restart. A damper symbol is presented in the instrument cluster for four seconds each time the mode is changed.

On the Panamera, Panamera 4, Panamera S and Panamera 4S, PASM is combined with steel springs; on the Panamera Turbo it comes with adaptive air suspension offering on-demand air volume in each spring, a world-first achievement in suspension comfort. Air suspension is an option on the Panamera, Panamera 4, Panamera S and Panamera S and Panamera 4S.

Ground clearance on Panamera models with the standard steel spring suspension is 5.66 inches.

The combination of PASM and air suspension may be further enhanced with Porsche Dynamic Chassis Control (PDCC), including an electronically controlled rear axle differential. PDCC almost completely offsets body roll in curves, helping to ensure supreme agility and an optimum balance.

PDCC can be further enhanced by adding Porsche Torque Vectoring Plus (PTV Plus) in conjunction with the air suspension and PASM. PTV Plus is designed to help improve both drving dynamics and the stability of the car and is available on all Panamera models. The system serves to variably spread out drive foces on the rear wheels and incorporates an electronically controlled rear axle differential.

As a function of the steering angle and steering speed, the position of the gas pedal, the yaw rate and the speed of the car, PTV Plus applies the brakes slightly on the inner rear wheel as soon as the driver turns the steering wheel, thus passing on higher drive forces to the outer rear wheel in a curve and generating an additional turning movement in the desired direction.

As a result, the car steers directly and dynamically into the curve, with the fully controlled rear axle differential offering even better rear-wheel traction on various surfaces, particularly in the wet and on snow.

Apart from a few components, the complete suspension on all Panamera models is made of light aluminum. At the front, a double wishbone axle with its own subframe guides the wheels with extra precision, while at the rear a multi-arm axle rests on its own subframe.

To absorb vibrations coming up through the wheels into the suspension, the Panamera features hydraulic mounts on the front track control arms and support bearings front and rear with optimized damping qualities. Apart from the exact guidance of all suspension components, this combination ensures a high standard of driving comfort, hydraulic damping serving particularly on the front axle to minimize the transmission of vibrations to the steering.

Combining a wide track with a staggered wheel and tire setup, the Panamera offers a dynamic, sporting, agile and precise driving experience. This combination helps ensure a high level of driving stability with minimum body roll and truly impressive lateral acceleration.
Steering with variable transmission ratio, Servotronic as an option

With its variable ratio, the steering ensures a high level of precision and agility. When turning the steering wheel slightly around its central position – for example on the highway

– the steering ratio is slower because the contact point is deeper in the pinion. The pinion pitch diameter is smaller, which means that the transmission ratio is higher. At larger steering angles, the ratio becomes more direct, making the steering more intuitive in tight curves or when parking. When the angle is increased, the pinion pitch diameter increases and the transmission ratio is lowered accordingly. As a result, the ratio varies from

17.11:1 to 13.76:1.

All versions of the Panamera are available with Servotronic speed-sensitive power steering. At high speeds, Servotronic keeps the steering firm and taut, ensuring extremely precise steering maneuvers. At low speeds, Servotronic increases the power assistance, making maneuvering and parking smooth and easy.

The turning radius for all Panamera models is 39.3 feet (11.9 meters).
World-first achievement: adaptive air suspension with extra volume available on-demand

Brand-new from the ground up, the optional (except on the Turbo) adaptive air suspension on the Panamera is yet another world first. The air suspension comes with four air springs, supplemented for the first time by an additional volume function that can add air to change the spring rate.

When the driver opts for Comfort mode, for example, each air spring, with its overall air volume of approximately 2.2 liters, ensures a smooth and gentle set-up. For sportier driving, the air valves are closed to reduce the active volume to approximately 1.1 liters, thereby increasing the spring rate and making the suspension firmer. At the same time, PASM switches automatically to Sport mode and the suspension control map on the inbound damper stroke becomes more progressive.

This control function is carried out together with the PASM damper control, intensifying the set-up of the suspension chosen by the driver, with the system covering a very wide range of variation in driving behavior from comfortable to extra-sporting and dynamic.
High-end suspension: PDCC stability control with electronic rear axle differential

To raise the Panamera Gran Turismo’s suspension to the highest degree, Porsche offers a combination of adaptive air suspension and optional Porsche Dynamic Chassis Control (PDCC) together with an electronically controlled rear differential. PDCC helps prevent body roll by applying counter-forces generated by active anti-roll bars.

A further benefit is that PDCC helps improve the balance of the entire car through dynamic sway force distribution, thus helping to ensure supreme agility as well as optimum steering behavior and a steady load change.

PDCC, PASM and air suspension always interact with one another through one of the three suspension programs. In Comfort mode, PDCC and the rear differential ensure further comfort by disconnecting the roll control function for smooth and relaxed motoring on bumpy surfaces. In the Sport and Sport Plus modes, the systems actively intervene to optimize the car’s steering response, maximize roll support, and enhance both steering behavior and traction for optimum performance and agility.
A superior brake system, and ceramic discs as an option

By tradition, every Porsche comes with a brake system several times more powerful than the car’s engine.

The Panamera, Panamera 4 and Panamera S and 4S feature standard six-piston aluminum monobloc fixed-calipers with brake discs measuring 14.17 inches (360 millimeters) in diameter. The Panamera Turbo features innovative composite brake discs on the front axle measuring 15.35 inches (390 millimeters) in diameter. These brake discs are made of a light aluminum brake cover connected with a grey-cast iron friction ring instead of the usual stainless-steel brake cover, thus reducing unsprung masses to a minimum.

At the rear, the normally aspirated Panameras feature four-piston aluminum monobloc fixed-calipers with brake discs measuring 12.99 inches (330 millimeters) in diameter, while the brake discs on the Panamera Turbo measure 13.78 inches or 350 millimeters across. All brake discs are inner-vented for efficient heat dissipation and come with grooves in the surface to improve frictional behavior.

Like all other Porsche models, the Panamera is available with the optional Porsche Ceramic Composite Brakes (PCCB) featuring brake calipers finished in yellow. Proven in motorsport and offering maximum brake performance, these special brake discs measure

15.35 inches (390 millimeters) in diameter at the front on the naturally aspirated models and 16.14 inches (410 millimeters) in diameter on the Panamera Turbo. Diameter of the rear brake discs is 13.78 inches or 350 millimeters on all models.
Passive safety to meet the toughest standards, including our own

Passive safety in the Porsche Panamera by far exceeds the strictest legal requirements, following – and naturally fulfilling – the more demanding standards applied by Porsche itself.

Extra-strong boron-alloy steel and multi-phase steel is used around the passenger cell to make the entire structure extremely sturdy. It is designed to minimize deformations in the event of an impact and to help protect occupants. A specially configured longitudinal and crossbar structure at the front takes up energy through two load paths above one another, distributing the impact forces generated in a collision and thus helping to minimize any deformation of the interior.

An extra-stiff bulkhead crossbar reduces deformation of the footwells in a collision and is intended to improve protection around the occupants’ legs. This component is made of stainless steel in a special process – inner high-pressure molding – with the entire component being produced out of one piece of material.

The aluminum subframe on the front axle acting as the second load path in addition to the longitudinal support structure helps enhance passive safety to an even higher degree through a defined deformation process. Easy-to-replace impact units protect the body of the car in minor accidents and collisions.
Eight airbags featured as standard

The safety offered by the Panamera bodyshell naturally continues inside. Full-size driver and front passenger airbags are ignited in two stages depending on the severity and type of impact. Interacting with the sensors in the airbag control unit, two sensors at the front of the car detect a possible collision and evaluate the crash conditions much earlier and more precisely. In the case of a less severe impact, occupants are held back in their seats by the airbags igniting to their first and softer stage, helping to reduce the forces on the occupants.

Knee airbags, a new standard feature from Porsche, are integrated into the lower part of the instrument panel and hold back the lower body of the driver and front passenger in a head-on collision.

Also featured as standard, the Porsche Side Impact Protection system (POSIP) comes with two-chamber thorax/hip side airbags at the front, integrated in the sides of the backrests and tailored specifically to meet collision requirements around the driver’s and front passenger’s hips and ribs. These side airbags are supplemented by curtain airbags extending along the entire roof frame and the side windows from the A-all the way to the C-pillars, as well as side impact protectors in the doors.

Side airbags at the rear are available as an option, while a roll sensor detects the risk of the car rolling over and automatically activates both the curtain airbags and the belt latch tensioners.

All Panamera models come with LATCH child-seat mounting points on the rear seats, allowing owners to fit a child seat. A compact 1 kg fire extinguisher can also be fitted beneath the front passenger’s seat as an option.
Intelligent light systems for optimum visibility and safety on the road

All Panamera models sold in North America come standard with BI-XENON™ main headlights featuring automatic dynamic headlight range control and a headlight cleaning system as well as an adaptive light function. This high-tech adaptive light system offers both dynamic and static headlight control as well as a bending light function, speed-related headlight management, and a bad weather headlight function.

The dynamic headlights are activated above 6 mph or 10 km/h, and swivel in the appropriate direction at an angle of up to 15°. The static headlight function activates an additional halogen light source with a light angle of approximately 30° to the direction of travel. This static function is activated at a standstill and at speeds up to 25 mph or 40 km/h, either by the direction indicator or as a function of the steering angle, automatically improving illumination and light conditions when turning. At speeds above 25 mph or 40 km/h, this function is activated only by the steering angle, and no longer by the direction indicators.

The lighting system also features the speed-related headlight control function with country road, motorway and bad weather light modes. Compared with the standard low-beam headlight setting, the country road mode covers a longer range on the left-hand side and emits a broader light beam. At higher speeds, the control system adjusts the light beam appropriately, light being projected farther for even better visibility without dazzling oncoming traffic.

The motorway light mode is activated at a speed of more than 81 mph (130 km/h) or, respectively, at a speed of more than 68 mph (110 km/h) on a longer stretch of road with small steering angles. This mode raises light output and provides an even clearer and more effective light/dark borderline for higher speeds.

The bad weather light mode is activated automatically when the driver switches on the rear fog warning light and reduces light reflection in low-visibility situations such as fog or falling snow. This is done by spreading out the low-beam headlight over a broader footprint and adjusting the light/dark borderline horizontally through the left-hand headlight to reduce the range of the light beam. At the same time, the left-hand headlight swivels to the left in order to shift the main light intensity to the outside, again reducing any dazzle effect. The bad weather light function is available at speeds up to 50 mph or 70 km/h.

To safely maneuver the Panamera, all versions sold in North America come standard with ParkAssist. With rear ParkAssist on the Panamera S and 4S and front and rear ParkAssist on the Panamera Turbo, visual and audio prompts via the Porsche Communication Management (PCM) system alert the driver if the car is too close to an object.
Interior and Equipment Innovative Panamera interior concept with personalized seating comfort

The choice of materials, in combination with the new design language, sets a new standard for Porsche in terms of feeling, surface touch, flair and elegance. In conjunction with the high quality materials used, a long list of features and amenities provide a truly innovative, elegant and sporting interior.

Along with the the Panamera unique interior architecture, the driver will also recognize familiar Porsche design elements. These include five circular instrument gauges, much like in the 911, with the tachometer in the middle and the ignition lock placed to the left of the steering wheel, which is the tradition at Porsche. The low, sporting seating position also reflects what’s found in the Porsche sports cars, giving the driver and passengers the direct feeling for the road so typical of a Porsche.

Like Porsche sports cars and the Cayenne SUV, the Panamera Gran Turismo also boasts a logical, intuitive control concept.

Via the center console, the seven-inch touch-sensitive screen standard on all models and the roof console, the driver has direct access to the wide range of functions. The functions most important for controlling the car are arranged in function groups, within convenient reach of the driver via buttons to the left and right of the gearshift lever. Thanks to the logical arrangement of the control buttons and switches, all operations are quick and intuitive, without requiring the driver to search for central control elements or scroll through endless sub-menus and potentially diverting attention away from the road.

For example, the overhead console includes controls for interior lighting, the moonroof, deactivating the ParkAssist sensors, and Homelink® buttons for controlling up to three different garage doors, lighting systems or alarm systems. Homelink is a standard feature on all Panamera models.

The Panamera also comes with a 4.8-inch high-resolution TFT multi-function color display in the instrument cluster, integrated in the second dial from the right. The driver is able to quickly choose which functions to present on the screen, such as lists of radio stations, telephone numbers, or a specific map in two or three dimensions from the navigation system. The entire operation process is conducted via a convenient control stalk or the rotary knob on the right-hand side of the standard multi-function steering wheel.

With its placement in the instrument cluster, the multi-function display allows easy access to PCM features and lets the driver keep his or her eyes pointing forward.

Carefully harmonized interior illumination forms part of the car’s sophisticated interior design, giving the interior pleasant ambient lighting that is neither obtrusive nor exaggerated in the dark, while ensuring optimum illumination of all important areas within the passenger compartment.

A Rear Interior Lights Package available as an option comes with features such as two reading lights in the rear roof console as well as LED lights for the footwells, door storage boxes, and the center console compartment. The ambient illumination can be dimmed infinitely to any level of brightness desired.

The interior, with a center console extending all the way through the interior from front to rear and sports car-style single seats, offers the driver optimum ergonomics while at the same time highlighting each passenger’s personal space. Unique to the class, rear passengers enjoy free, unrestricted visibility to the front, with the interior design giving rear-seat passengers a feeling of direct participation – a cockpit for four that involves everyone in the Porsche driving experience.

The front comfort seats, standard on the normally aspirated Panameras, feature a sporting design and are adjustable electrically in eight directions with driver memory. At the rear, two single seats with a folding center armrest offer even tall passengers generous legroom and headroom.

In the Panamera Turbo, 14-way electric seat adjustment is combined with a Comfort Memory Package, comprising electrical extension of the seat bottom and lumbar supports at the front as well as electrical adjustment of the steering column.

Adaptive sport seats with 18-way electric adjustment are available as an option for the front occupants and offer firmer upholstery and even more lateral support. Adaptive sport seats and comfort seats at the rear with a wide range of electrical adjustment are available as an option, as well.

In conjunction with seat heating, seat ventilation is available either in front or on all seats. The Porsche seat ventilation system pulls moisture away from the body rather than blowing air toward the occupant. Both seat heating and ventilation adjust to three intensity levels.
Four-zone automatic air conditioning as options

The Panamera comes with a choice of climate control systems optimized for energy efficiency, low weight, and compact dimensions. To distribute air and maintain exactly the desired temperature, Porsche’s engineers have developed a sophisticated system of air ducts and flaps to maintain the perfect climate for the driver and passengers at all times.

Two-zone automatic air conditioning is standard, with air volume and distribution controlled individually via center console controls on the driver’s and front passenger’s sides, plus manual control using a central console control unit. This enables the driver and front passenger to adjust not only the flow of air according to his or her own wishes, but also to vary the level of air flow in the Gentle, Normal and High settings through a menu in the instrument cluster.

Four-zone automatic air conditioning, available as an option, allows separate adjustment of air temperature, blower intensity, and air distribution at each seat. The control panel at the rear is easily accessible on the center console for rear-seat passengers. The four-zone system still uses just one air conditioning compressor, unlike the two compressors of many competing systems, contributing to the Panamera drivetrain’s overall efficiency and weight savings.
Extra-large luggage area complete with a tailor-made set of cases available as an option

This car’s unique character is evident in its exceptionally well-packaged luggage compartment. After opening the liftgate, which comes with electrical opening and closing as standard, the driver and passengers can conveniently stow no less than four suitcases behind the rear seats. Thanks to the ample height of the luggage compartment, the suitcases fit in upright, allowing individual access to each case without having to move the others.

Luggage capacity in the Panamera, Panamera 4 and Panamera S and 4S is 15.7 cubic feet or 445 liters with the Panamera Turbo offering 15.2 cu ft or 432 liters.

Folding down the rear-seat backrests, individually or together, takes mere seconds. The result is an almost entirely flat storage area offering up to 44.6 cu ft/1,263 liters (44.1 cu ft/1,250 liters in the Panamera Turbo) of cargo space.

A ski-bag is also available, with the center section folding separately between the rear seats. For convenience, the ski-bag can also be removed from the car.
Comfortable access: Porsche Entry & Drive

The Panamera Turbo comes standard with the Porsche Entry & Drive system, which is available as an option on the other models.

Porsche Entry & Drive allows the driver to lock and unlock the car and start the engine without having the key. The key only needs to be somewhere on the driver’s body. As soon as the driver touches the door handle, Porsche Entry & Drive will check an access code saved in the key and automatically unlock the door.

To start and stop the engine, all the driver has to do is turn the rotating control unit in the ignition lock. To lock the doors he or she only has to press the locking button in one of the door handles.

A button on the liftgate also unlocks it without having to use the remote.
For your music enjoyment: BOSE® Surround Sound System

Passengers in the Panamera Turbo will enjoy the outstanding sound of a standard BOSE® Surround Sound system developed specifically for the new car as a standard feature (available as an option in the other models). A total of 14 loudspeakers, a 200-watt active subwoofer with a class-D terminal stage and 200-millimeter speaker diameter as well as nine amplifier channels ensure a truly impressive aural experience. Overall output is 585 watts.

In conjunction with PCM, the BOSE® Surround Sound System offers the impressive quality of digital 5.1 recordings on audio or video DVDs. Naturally, the system is also able to play CDs in stereo or in a surround mode generated by patented BOSE® Centerpoint® Technology, with the new Centerpoint® 2 algorithm extracting a realistic surround sound effect from the stereo signal.

SurroundStage® signal processing, developed by BOSE®, assigns each audio channel generated either by a DVD or by Centerpoint® to a selected combination of loudspeakers, thus consistently ensuring an optimum balance of surround sound on all seats. The dynamic loudness function raises the bass level as a function of decreasing sound volume, thus compensating for the declining sensitivity of the human ear to such frequencies. At the same time AudioPilot® Noise Compensation Technology, using a microphone, measures all noises within the car and automatically adjusts the playback of music to create a smooth and consistent sound impression throughout all driving conditions.
The world’s fastest concert hall: Burmester® High-End Sound in the Panamera

The Panamera was the first Porsche to offer the new pinnacle in mobile sound quality – an optional High-End Surround Sound System from the world-class audio specialist Burmester®. The Berlin-based company, one of the most renowned high-end audio specialists in the world, has teamed up with Porsche to create the largest acoustically effective surface area ever. Developed specifically for the Panamera, the system has more than 372 square inches (2,400 square centimeters) of speaker surface area that offers a dynamic sound experience comparable to a live concert. This quality is ensured by 16 loudspeakers controlled by 16 separate amplifier channels with an overall output of more than 1,000 watts, rounded off by an active subwoofer with a 300-watt class-D amplifier.

Photo: 2011 Porsche PanameraPhoto: 2011 Porsche Panamera

From the start, the concept for this unprecedented sound system was brand-new, with the frequency range technology featured in the Panamera coming directly from Burmester® high-end home audio systems. Analog and digital filters are matched within the system with ultimate precision for their individual purposes. And special air motion transformers (AMTs) in the front half of the passenger compartment provide unbelievably fine and clear reproduction of even the highest sounds.

The loudspeaker chassis is tailored exactly to the Panamera, providing supreme quality at the other end of the range, for ultimate bass resolution and pulse precision. The result is a new standard of natural surround sound.

Lightweight technology naturally also plays an important role in the Panamera sound system. All Burmester® components together weigh less than 26.5 lbs. or 12 kg. XM® Satellite Radio is also available as an option.

Check out more 2011 Porsche Panamera pictures in our 2011 Porsche Panamera photo gallery:

2011 Porsche Panamera specifications, review, photos and imagery courtesy of Porsche.

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