2010 Lincoln MKS

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EcoBoost™ Debut: Fuel-Efficient New V-6 Engine Gives Flagship Lincoln MKS the Power of a V-8

Launched last summer, the Lincoln MKS upholds the luxury and comfort standards unique to Lincoln. Now, with the addition of all-new EcoBoost engines, the Lincoln MKS also will deliver a compelling combination of V-8 power and V-6 fuel economy.

2010 Lincoln MKS: With the fuel economy of a V-6, the 3.5-liter EcoBoost engine delivers an impressive 355 horsepower and a responsive 350 lb.-ft. of torque across a broad rpm range giving the power of a normally aspirated 4.6-liter V-82010 Lincoln MKS: With the fuel economy of a V-6, the 3.5-liter EcoBoost engine delivers an impressive 355 horsepower and a responsive 350 lb.-ft. of torque across a broad rpm range giving the power of a normally aspirated 4.6-liter V-8

Highlights:
* The 3.5-liter EcoBoost V-6 engine, the first V-6 direct-injection twin-turbocharged engine produced in North America, makes its debut in the 2010 Lincoln MKS. EcoBoost is one of Ford Motor Company’s key initiatives to deliver significant advancements in fuel economy of up to 20 percent without sacrificing the performance feel customers want
* The new 3.5-liter engine is the first in a wave of EcoBoost engines coming from Ford as part of a strategy to bring affordable fuel efficiency improvements to millions. By 2013, more than 90 percent of Ford’s North American lineup will be available with EcoBoost technology

The Lincoln MKS is among the first Ford Motor Company vehicle to introduce a premium twin-turbocharged 3.5-liter EcoBoost V-6 engine for the 2010 model year and is expected to deliver best-in-class highway fuel economy of 25 mpg. By 2013, more than 90 percent of Ford Motor Company’s North American lineup will be available with EcoBoost technology.

“We are committed to delivering fuel economy leadership in every new vehicle,” said Derrick Kuzak, Ford’s group vice president of Global Product Development. “We do this with affordable technology that can be applied to the widest number of vehicles. EcoBoost is an important component of that goal.

“The beauty of EcoBoost is that it enables us to downsize for fuel efficiency, yet boost for power. We’re able to decrease the size of the available engine – such as installing a V-6 versus a V-8 – yet boost the power using turbocharging to deliver similar power and torque of that larger engine.”

The 3.5-liter EcoBoost V-6 is expected to attain fuel economy numbers of 16 mpg city and 25 mpg highway based on preliminary testing of the all-wheel-drive 2010 Lincoln MKS while producing an estimated 355 horsepower at 5,700 rpm and 350 lbs.-ft. of torque at 3,500 rpm.

With its premium EcoBoost engine, the new Lincoln MKS will deliver more power and better highway fuel efficiency than the 2009 Lexus GS460 (24 mpg) or 2009 Infiniti M45 (21 mpg).

“We’re delighted with how well the Lincoln MKS has been received. Customers have really responded to the vehicle’s balanced combination of luxury, comfort and performance,” said Pete Reyes, chief nameplate engineer. “Adding the 3.5-liter EcoBoost V-6 is another great enhancement to our luxury sedan. We now can deliver V-8 power without sacrificing fuel economy.”

The Lincoln MKS will be among the first vehicles to receive the 3.5-liter EcoBoost V-6 starting in the summer of 2009, enhancing what’s already a strong package. Standard on the Lincoln MKS EcoBoost series will be 19-inch wheels, steering-wheel paddle shifters to the six-speed SelectShift® automatic transmission, all-wheel drive and an expanded technology package that includes Intelligent Access with Push Button Start, ambient lighting, adaptive HID headlamps with Auto Highbeam, rain-sensing wipers and rear-window power sunshade.

“The Lincoln MKS EcoBoost series provides customers the best combination in style, technology and power,” said Pei-Wen Hsu, Lincoln MKS Marketing manager. “An EcoBoost appearance package also will be available, offering customers a more aggressive and sporty look that further differentiates the Lincoln MKS from other competitors.”

The EcoBoost program is part of Ford’s ongoing and wide-ranging initiative to deliver innovative fuel-efficient powertrain systems with horsepower and torque performance found in larger-displacement engines.

“Our EcoBoost engines offer more power and better fuel economy,” said Brett Hinds, EcoBoost design manager. “It’s all part of Ford’s strategy to bring adaptable powertrain technology to all kinds of vehicles and all kinds of lifestyles. This technology is affordable and applicable to all gasoline engines.”

The turbochargers recover energy from the exhaust that otherwise would be wasted and put it back in the engine to gain efficiency. Simply, the turbocharging system puts more air into the engine for more power. A compressor increases or “boosts” the pressure of the air entering the engine. An intercooler reduces the air temperature before it enters the engine.

The twin parallel turbochargers, which are water-cooled and operate simultaneously, combine with a direct-injection fuel system to produce power when the driver pushes down on the accelerator pedal. The high-pressure fuel pump operates up to 2,175 psi – more than 35 times the norm seen in a conventional V-6 engine. The high-pressure pump is a cam-driven mechanical pump with a single piston and an electronic valve that controls how much fuel is routed into the fuel rails to the injectors.

As demands on the twin-turbocharged 3.5-liter EcoBoost V-6 engine are increased, the control system responds to maintain optimal combustion, timing and injection duration.

On each stroke, six individual jets spray fuel directly into the combustion chamber, mixing with the incoming air. “By bringing the fuel injector right into the combustion chamber, there’s no delay from the time you inject the fuel to when it’s used by the engine,” Hinds said.

The fuel injectors are located on the side of the combustion chamber. When the fuel is injected into the cylinder, it evaporates and cools the air that’s been inducted into the cylinder. “Another benefit of our direct-injection method is that it cools the air right where you’re going to burn it,” Hinds said. “This action both improves the breathing of the engine and minimizes knocking.”

The direct injection of fuel into the cylinder also helps provide a well-mixed air-fuel charge, increasing engine efficiency. Direct injection provides several benefits in terms of fuel burn and lower emissions.

“Because the fuel is directly introduced into the combustion chamber, you don’t get fuel wetting the combustion wall like with port fuel injection, you don’t saturate the ports and you don’t get droplets that might recombine and add to saturation,” Hinds said. “By injecting fuel directly into the combustion chamber and under high pressure, the fuel can be directed to exactly where we want it to be for a given combustion cycle.”

The spray pattern for the fuel was optimized after extensive computer modeling work, with the angle of how the fuel is sprayed key to the process. “The better combustion process is a big advantage of direct injection,” Hinds said. “In a port fuel system, at key off it’s possible to have fuel on the walls of the intake port, which migrates to the top of the valve and puddles. So when you key on, you get that emissions spike. Direct injection is much cleaner from that standpoint.”

Turbo lag virtually eliminated
The simultaneous turbocharger operation paired with the direct-injection system help to virtually eliminate turbo lag, one of the main reasons turbocharger technology was not previously more widely used.

The dual-turbocharger setup has several advantages over previous turbocharging systems, including:

* The turbochargers are smaller, resulting in more-compact exhaust manifolds, which don’t generate as much heat
* Turbochargers are packaged adjacent to the cylinder block and have improved mounting providing NVH (noise, vibration, harshness) improvements
* The dual turbochargers spool up quicker, allowing the 3.5-liter EcoBoost V-6 engine to reach peak torque faster. The turbochargers spin at approximately 170,000 rpm. By comparison, the redline for the engine is approximately 6,500 rpm

“The two turbochargers both operate identically over the speed range of the engine – one is responsible for the left bank of the engine and the other is responsible for the right bank,” Hinds said. “Both spin immediately and produce boost, even at low engine speeds.”

The turbochargers are designed for a life cycle of 150,000 miles or 10 years.

“Our testing is far, far more harsh than could be achieved in the real world,” Hinds. “In an extreme situation, a customer might be able to hit peak power for about 10 seconds – probably not even that much. We test at peak power for hundreds of hours to ensure we can reach our durability and reliability goals.”

The turbochargers are only about the size of an orange, but help provide a big performance advantage to customers. Hinds describes the torque response in terms of linear acceleration – power whenever you need it.

“You get peak torque across a very wide engine speed range,” he said. “It’s available when you pull away from a stoplight or pass someone on a secondary road at a comparatively low speed. You don’t need to wind up the engine to get performance out of it. It’s there all the time.”

Turbocharger “whoosh” is mitigated by electronically controlled anti-surge valves, which proactively relieve the boost in the intake, which can range up to 12 PSI. Careful software calibrations manage the pressures in the intake manifold.

“We control the boost to make sure that customers don’t recognize when the boost is building,” Hinds said. “As the turbochargers spool up, the electronic control system takes over. Our active wastegate control along with the throttle controls the boost and torque levels very precisely and the customer perceives a continuous delivery of torque.”

Extensive durability tests on the twin-turbocharged 3.5-liter EcoBoost V-6 engine ensure it will excel in all conditions. Start-up tests, with a wide variety of fuels, were made in conditions ranging from minus 40 to 110 degrees Fahrenheit. Altitude testing up to 12,000 feet in Colorado also was performed.

“The direct-injection fuel system allows us some real opportunities in terms of optimizing cold start for both emissions and robustness,” Hinds said. “We have multiple injections for each combustion event, and we can essentially tune where those injections should take place to deliver the strongest start possible with the lowest emissions.”

Mated to the 3.5-liter EcoBoost V-6 engine is the 6-speed 6F-55 SelectShift automatic transmission, which is dedicated to the twin-turbocharger engine. The 6F-55 transmission was developed from the successful 6F-50 transmission to specifically respond to the increased torque demands of the EcoBoost V-6 engine. Upgrades were made to the transmission’s friction material in response to the higher shift energies, and a new torque converter has been optimized for performance and fuel economy.

Additionally, the 6F-55 transmission operates more efficiently. The transmission team was able to reduce the fluid level in the transmission, which in turn reduced weight and drag torque on the system. Upgrades to the transmission’s thermal valve mean the system warms up quicker, reducing gear-spin losses.

“We’ve upgraded the gear sets to handle the increased torque,” said Joe Baum, powertrain team leader. “We’ve also adjusted the final drive ratio and matched the gear ratios to provide the optimum performance and fuel economy.

“Our final drive ration is 2.73. With a lower final drive ratio, the engine spins lower at highway speeds, which helps save fuel. And with all the torque, the Lincoln MKS still delivers good low-speed launch performance.”

One harmonious system
Careful powertrain system management ensures the engine, turbochargers and transmission work together harmoniously.

The Lincoln MKS team also was careful to give customers an exhaust note from the 3.5-liter EcoBoost V-6 that was pleasing but not overpowering. A precision-tuned induction sound tube directed into the cabin complements the feeling of power.

“It has the powerful sound Lincoln MKS customers will respond to,” Hinds said.

With the addition of the twin-turbocharged 3.5-liter EcoBoost V-6, the overall package for the Lincoln MKS is one customers will respond to as well.

“With its elegant styling, wide suite of convenience technology and incomparable ride, the Lincoln MKS is an outstanding luxury sedan,” Reyes said. “We’re pleased and proud to add the 3.5-liter EcoBoost V-6 to an already-great car.”

Additional images from the 2010 Lincoln MKS Photo Gallery:

2010 MKS Technical Specifications

MODEL

Body Style/Driveline

4-door sedan; FWD and AWD

Construction

Unitized steel body

Manufacturing Location

Chicago, Ill.

ENGINE

Type

DOHC 24 valve

Displacement (cu-in/cc)

3.7-liter/227.4 CID

Bore and Stroke (in/mm)

3.6 x 2.4 in/95.5 x 86.7 mm

Cylinder Head

Aluminum

Crankshaft

Forged Steel

Valvetrain

DOHC 4 valves per cylinder, intake variable, camshaft timing

Fuel Delivery

Sequential multi-port electronic

Compression Ratio

10.3:1

Horsepower

273 @ 6,250 rpm (regular); 275 @ 6,250 rpm (premium)

Torque

270 @ 4,250 rpm (regular); 276 @ 4,250 rpm (premium)

Fuel

87 Octane

Redline

6,750 rpm

Federal Standards

Tier 2 Bin 5

California Standards

ULEV II

EPA Fuel Economy

NA

TRANSMISSION

Type

6-speed SelectShift Automatic ™

Gear ratios

First

4.48:1

Second

2.87:1

Third

1.84:1

Fourth

1.41:1

Fifth

1.00:1

Sixth

0.74:1

Reverse

-2.882

Final Drive Ratio

3.16:1 (FWD);  3.39:1 (AWD)

SUSPENSION

Front

Macpherson strut and rear-facing L-shaped lower control arm with isolated sub-frame and 26 mm stabilizer bar

Rear

Independent multi-link suspension coil-over shocks; stamped steel lower control arms and cast upper control arms

STEERING

Type

Power rack and pinion

Steering column

Power tilt/telescope

Ratio

17

Wheel turns lock-to-lock

2.98

Turning circle curb-to-curb

12.1 m/39.7 ft.

BRAKES

Type

Four-wheel disc brakes with ABS, Traction Control and Electronic Stability Control (ESC)

Rotor Diameter (in.)

Front: 12.25
Rear: 12.75

Power Assist

Yes

WHEELS AND TIRES

Wheel sizes and type

18 x 7.5-inch bright machined/painted cast aluminum 10-spoke (standard)

           

19 x 8.0 bright machined/painted cast aluminum 10-spoke (optional)

           

19 x 8.0 premium painted cast aluminum 10-spoke (optional)

           

20 x 8.0 polished cast aluminum 11-spoke (optional)

 

20 x 8.0 chrome cast aluminum (EcoBoost™ Appearance Package)

Tire Size

P235/55R18 T-rated all-season

           

P255/45R19 V-rated all-season

           

P245/45R20 V-rated all-season

DIMENSIONS (inches)

Exterior

Wheelbase

112.9

Overall length

204.1

Overall width
(excluding mirrors)

75.9

Overall width
(including mirrors)

85.5

Overall height
(without options)

61.6

Track width (front/rear)

64.9/65.1

Curb weights

4,127 lbs. (FWD) / 4,276 lbs. (AWD) Estimated

Interior

Seating capacity

5

Headroom

First Row

39.7

Second row

38.5

Legroom

First Row

41.9

Second Row

38.6

Shoulder room

First Row

58.6

Second Row

57.4

Hip Room

First Row

55.3

Second Row

55.3

Cargo Volume

18.7 cu. ft.

Total Passenger Volume

105.8 cu. ft.

CAPACITIES

Fuel Tank (gal)

20 (FWD) / 19 (AWD) Estimated

Engine oil (qt)

5.5

Transmission fluid (qt)

9.8  (9.3 L)

Cooling system (qt)

11.1

Max towing capacity

1,000 lbs.

Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
(GVWR)

5,250 lbs. (FWD) / 5,400 lbs. (AWD) Estimated

STANDARD EQUIPMENT

Advance Trac® electronic stability control; Anti-lock brakes; Cruise control; Rear window defroster; Power locks w/auto lock; Remote keyless entry w/trunk release; Reverse sensing system; SecuriCode™ keyless entry keypad; Power steering; Tire Pressure Monitoring System; 3.7-liter V-6 engine; 6-speed automatic transmission; Power, one touch/up and down driver and passenger window; Fog lamps; Easy Fuel™ Capless Fuel Filler System; Laminated security glass; HID headlamps w/AutoLamp on/off delay controls; Manual fold, power adjustable mirrors w/memory; 18-in. bright machined aluminum wheels; Premium AM/FM in-dash 6-CD/MP3/Clock & 6-speakers; SIRIUS® satellite radio w/6 mos. Pre-paid subscription; Dual-zone automatic temperature control; Front row center arm rest; Overhead console w/lights and sunglass storage; Front and rear floor mats; Illuminated door and steering wheel switches; Courtesy lamps; Auto-dimming rearview mirror w/compass; 12V power points (3); Heated rear seats; 12-way power, heated/cooled, driver and front passenger seat w/power lumbar; Power driver memory setting; Premium leather-trimmed seating surfaces w/seat color-keyed tuxedo stripe on seat backs; Rear fixed passthrough with two cupholders; Leather-wrapped shifter; Power tilt/telescope steering wheel w/memory; SYNC™; Universal garage door opener; Visors w/illuminated mirrors; Dual-stage front air bags; Anti-theft peremiter alarm; BeltMinder®; Brake Assist; Child safety locks,; Emergency trunk release; LATCH; Personal Safety System; Safety Canopy System®; SecuriLock® passive Anti-Theft system

KEY OPTIONS

EcoBoost™ 3.7-liter V-6 engine; 6-speed SelectShift™ Automatic transmission with steering wheel mounted paddle shifters; All-wheel-drive; 19-in Bright Machined wheels; 19-in. Premium Painted wheels; 20-in. Polished Aluminum wheels; 20-in. Chrome Cast Aluminum wheels; Premium AM/FM in-dash 6-CD/MP3/Clock & 6-speakers; SIRIUS® satellite radio; THX®II Certified Premium Sound System w/AM/FM In-Dash 6-CD/MP3 & 14 speakers (including. 2 subwoofers) 12 channel amp & 600 watts of power; Voice-activated DVD navigation system; Rear-view camera; Adaptive cruise control; Dual panel moonroof w/power; All-weather floor mats; PowerCode™ remote start

PACKAGES

EcoBoost™ Appearance Package includes:Luxury Seats in Sienna with Charcoal Black Tuxedo Seam, black stitching and Lincoln Star logos embroidered on headrest;FS-A/2YL00
Unique Metallic Appliqué with MKS badge on IP;BB6AT
Unique illuminated sill plates (MK- in white. S- in red)
Leather Wrapped Steering Wheel; Upgraded logo mats; Unique Grille, front lip spoiler, rear fascia lower, side rockers and door cladding, decklid lip spoiler, unique body color license plate surround, Modified S badge; 20" Chrome Wheels D2FBF
Headlamp can accent paint  GTAAE
 

Navigation Package includes: Voice-activated DVD Navigation System; THX® II w/ 5.1 Surround Sound Audio; Rearview camera
Ultimate Package includes: Technology package; Navigation package; Dual Panel moonroof; 19-in. Premium painted wheels; Ultimate seating trim w/seat color-keyed suede strip in the center of the seatbacks; embroidered Lincoln Star logo on the front headrests

EXTERIOR COLORS

Steel Blue Metallic, Gold Leaf Metallic, Cinnamon Metallic, Red Candy Red Metallic with Tinted Clearcoat, Atlantis Green Metallic, White Platinum Metallic Tri-coat, Tuxedo Black Metallic, Ingot Silver Metallic, White Suede

*Specifications are preliminary and subject to change.

EcoBoost Engine

Type

3.5-liter V-6 Ecoboost™

Manufacturing location

Cleveland  Engine Plant, Ohio

Configuration

60°  V-6, Aluminum block/heads

Intake Manifold

Single piece aluminum

Exhaust Manifolds

Dual wall fabricated steel

Crankshaft

Fabricated  steel

Redline

6,200 rpm (Fuel Cut Off)

Idle Speed in Drive

600 rpm

Throttle Body

65 mm, electronic

Valvetrain

DOHC 4 valves per cylinder, intake variable camshaft timing

Valve Diameter

Intake: 37mm; Exhaust: 31mm

Pistons

High temperature cast aluminum alloy with low-friction coated skirts, low tension rings with direct injection

Connecting Rods

Cracked powder metal

Ignition

Pencil coil

Bore x Stroke pat

3.6 x 3.4 in. / 92.5 x 86.7mm

Displacement

3.5-liter/ 213 cu. In.

Compression Ratio

9.8:1

Horsepower

355 @ 5,700 rpm  (premium fuel)

Horsepower Per Liter

101.5 HP/L

Fuel Economy

 

AWD

NA

Torque

350 lb-ft @ 3,500 rpm lb.-ft. advertised (premium & regular fuel)  350 lb-ft @ 1,500 to 5,000 rpm lb.ft.

Recommended Fuel

Designed to run on regular fuel with an octane rating of 87 or higher.  For best overall performance, premium fuel with an octane of 91 or higher is recommended

Fuel Capacity

18.6 gallons

Fuel Delivery

Direct Injection

Oil Capacity

6.0 quarts with filter

Recommended Oil

GF4, 5W-20

Emission Control

Closed loop with catalyst

ENGINE

Federal Standards

Tier 2/Bin 5 tailpipe, LEVII evaporative

California Standards

ULEVII tailpipe, LEVII evaporative

DRIVETRAIN

Layout

Intelligent AWD

TRANSMISSION

Standard

Electronic 6-speed with SelectShift Automatic™ with Paddle Shifters

Gear Ratios

1st

4.48:1

2nd

2.87:1

3rd

1.84:1

4th

1.41:1

5th

1:0

6th

0.74:1

Reverse

-2.882:1

Final Drive

 AWD: 2.77:1

Source: Ford Motor Company

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